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Practice Issues: Compilation and Review

Exam Questions: 100
Course Level: Basic
Pages: 606 | Content: 592, Supplemental: 14
NASBA Area of Study: Accounting
Not Acceptable for: Enrolled Agents
Version: 6210M

The objective of this course is to inform the reader of the various changes made to the compilation and review standards by the AICPA's Accounting and Review Services Committee (ARSC), and to address practice issues related to compilation and review engagements.

The first section of this course consists of an overview of SSARS No. 21, as amended by SSARS No. 22 through 25, and addresses the three types of engagements that can be performed under the SSARSs: a preparation of financial statements engagement, a compilation engagement, and a review engagement.

The remainder of the course consists of practice issues in compilation and review engagements. Topics include a discussion of an accountant's responsibility for fraud, internal control and going concern, representation letters for review engagements, personal financial statements, tax-basis financial statements, legends on financial statements, accountant's liability in compilation and review engagements, saving time in engagements, ethics and independence issues, and more. The focus of the course is to identify, recognize and recall the rules pertaining to various pronouncements, including those related to recent developments. PLEASE NOTE: Not acceptable for Enrolled Agents. This course material includes content from #6885, Compilation and Review: Independence Rules, and therefore we recommend that you should not take both courses in the same CPE reporting period. All course material provided. No prerequisites. Course level: Basic.

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Course Information

Table of Contents
  • Overview of the New Standards- SSARS Nos. 21-25
  • AR-C Section 60 - General Principles for SSARSs
  • AR-C Section 70 - Preparation of Financial Statements Financial Reporting
  • AR-C Section 80 - Compilation Engagements
  • AR-C Section 90: Review of Financial Statements
  • Reporting on the Financial Statements
  • AR-C Section-Special Considerations--International Reporting Issues
  • Controllers Issuing Financial Statements
  • Distributing Draft Financial Statements
  • Consideration of Fraud in a Compilation and Review Engagement
  • Analytical Procedures in a Review Engagement
  • Using Staff in a Compilation or Review Engagement
  • Titles on Compilation and Review Reports- SSARS No. 21
  • Legends on Compiled or Reviewed Financial Statements
  • Going Concern: Compilation and Review Engagements- SSARS Nos. 25 and 24
  • Responsibility for Incomplete Information- Compilation Engagement
  • Using Tax-Basis Financial Statements for Engagement Profitability
  • An Accountant's Name is a Written Document or Communication Containing Unaudited Financial Statements
  • Reporting Responsibility Related to the Statement of Retained Earnings
  • Reporting on Comprehensive Income
  • Dates on Reports
  • Supplementary Information Reporting
  • Communications Between Predecessor and Successor Accountants
  • Selected Information- Substantially All Disclosures Required by GGAP Are Not Included
  • Gathering Review Evidence Under SSARS No. 21
  • Restricting the Use of an Accountant's Compilation or Review Report
  • Reporting of Specified Elements, Accounts, or Items of a Financial Statement
  • Management Representation Letter- Review Engagement
  • Applicability of Auditing Standards to the SSARSs
  • Reconciling the Financial Statements to the Underlying Accounting Records
  • Personal Financial Statements and Prescribed Forms
  • Financial Statements Submitted Electronically
  • Simplifying the Reporting Process
  • Squeezing the Heck Out of a Review Engagement: The 25-Hour Review
  • Designing Effective Engagement Letters
  • Liability to Accountants Who Perform Bookkeeping Services
  • Risk of Open-Ended and Multi-Year Engagement Letters
  • Avoid Being Sued and Increase Billing- The Likeability and Communication Factors
  • Definition of a Financial Statement Versus Trial Balance
  • Reporting on a Tax Return
  • Consulting Services and SSARS No. 21
  • Emphasis-of-Matter and Other-Matter Paragraphs in a Compilation Report on Financial Statements That Omit Substantially All Disclosures
  • Responsibility to Third Parties: The Privity Standard
  • Providing Records to a "Dead-Beat" Client
  • Number of Days Test on Trade Receivables
  • Overview of the Independence Rules in ET 1.295
  • Discussion of the Three Safeguards
  • Performing Bookkeeping Services for an Attest Client
  • Tax Compliance and Tax Preparation Services, Including Payroll Services
  • Investment Functions Performed for the Client
  • Appraisal, Valuation, and Actuarial Services
  • Information Systems - Design, Installation, or Integration Services
  • Forensic Accounting Services
  • Other Management Functions
  • Acting as a Trustee
  • Miscellaneous Independence Issues
Objectives
  • To identify some of the changes in SSARS No. 21, as amended, that are and are not carried over from auditing standards
  • To identify engagement types that are and are not authorized under SSARS No. 21
  • To recall whether the preparation of financial statements standard is an attest or nonattest service
  • To recognize the term that is assigned to engagements performed on the cash, tax and regulatory bases of accounting
  • To recognize a criterion for an accountant to perform a preparation engagement
  • To recall whether a preparation engagement under AR-C 70 is subject to peer review
  • To identify whether a report is required in a preparation of financial statements engagement under AR-C 70
  • To recognize what the reporting requirements are, if any, when a "no assurance" legend is omitted from prepared financial statements under the AR-C 70 standards
  • To recognize an acceptable location in which to place the description of a special purpose framework in a preparation of financial statements engagement
  • To identify where to disclose GAAP departures in a preparation of financial statements engagement
  • To recognize whether an accountant and a client must sign an engagement letter for a preparation of financial statements engagement under AR-C 70
  • To recall the objective of a compilation engagement under AR-C 80 of SSARS No. 21
  • To identify some procedures that must be performed in a compilation engagement under AR-C 80 of SSARS No. 21
  • To recognize some of the changes made to the compilation report under SSARS No. 21, including those related to special purpose frameworks and GAAP departures, among others
  • To recall how an accountant should report when there is a lack of independence in a compilation engagement
  • To identify who should sign a representation letter in a review engagement
  • To recognize a procedures that should be done when performing analytical procedures in a review engagement
  • To identify one of the requirements in SSARS No. 24 when reporting on an international financial reporting framework
  • To identify the reporting options for controllers who seek to issue financial statements
  • To recognize the accountant's responsibility for reporting fraud in compilation and review engagements
  • To identify the types of analytical procedures that can and cannot be used in a review engagement
  • To recognize certain terms used as the basis for evaluating going concern in a review engagement
  • To identify factors that may or may not suggest there is a potential going-concern problem in a compilation or review engagement
  • To identify the period of time that defines "reasonable period of time" in going concern
  • To recognize the threshold to evaluate an Altman Z Score
  • To identify an example of a deferred M-1 that is eliminated by tax-basis financial statements
  • To recognize some of the general rules for tax-basis financial statements
  • To identify the options available to report on supplementary information in a compilation or review engagement
  • To recognize the general disclosure rules when issuing a compilation report on a specified element
  • To identify when a management representation letter is required and some general rules pertaining to such letters
  • To identify a prescribed form and the options for reporting on personal financial statements
  • To identify examples of simpler reporting options to issuing GAAP financial statements
  • To identify provisions to incorporate into engagement letters to protect the accountant against liability claims
  • To recognize the privity standard as it relates to the accountant's liability to third parties
  • To recognize the general rules to maintain independence when an accountant performs nonattest services for an attest client
  • To identify when independence is impaired in certain situations in which an accountant performs nonattest services for an attest client

PLEASE NOTE: CPE credit measurement is based on NASBA Registry and QAS guidelines of one credit for every 50 minutes. Credit calculation may vary in different states — check with your State Board of Accountancy. Unless otherwise noted in the specific course description, no advanced preparation is required in order to register or complete any PES CPE course. Use of materials or services provided by Professional Education Services, LP ("PES") are governed by the Terms and Conditions stated on PES' website www.mypescpe.com. PES provides these courses with the understanding that it is not providing any accounting, legal, or other professional advice and assumes no liability whatsoever in connection with its use. PES has used diligent efforts to provide quality information and material to its customers, but does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy, timeliness, completeness, or currency of the information contained herein. Ultimately, the responsibility to comply with applicable legal requirements falls solely upon the individual licensee, not PES. PES encourages you to contact your state Board for the latest information and to confirm or clarify any questions or concerns you have regarding your duties or obligations as a licensed professional.